Zonisamide is a sulfa drug which also has anti convulsant properties. It is prescribed in combination with other anti convulsant medications for the treatment of partial seizures in adults with epilepsy.
Zonisamide is sold under various trade names, some of which are Zonegran and Zonisep. This medication may also be given for conditions not described here.
ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE belongs to a group of medicines called anti-convulsants or anti-epileptics used to treat epilepsy (seizures/fits). Epilepsy is a sudden rush of electricity in the brain.
In epilepsy the brain’s electrical rhythms become imbalanced, resulting in recurrent seizures. In patients with seizures, the typical brain electrical pattern is disrupted by sudden bursts of electrical impulses that affect an individual’s consciousness, movements, or sensations.
ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE contains ‘Zonisamide’ that reduces the abnormal and excessive activity of nerve impulses in the brain that cause fits or seizures.
Thereby helps in controlling seizures. In patients with seizures, the typical brain electrical pattern is disrupted by sudden bursts of electrical impulses that affect an individual’s consciousness, movements, or sensations.
ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE is used alone or in combination to treat and prevent partial seizures in adults and children above 6 years of age.
Take ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE as prescribed by your doctor. You are advised to take ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE for as long as your doctor has prescribed it for you depending on your medical condition.
In some cases, you may experience certain common side-effects such as dizziness, irritability, loss of appetite, memory impairment, double vision, confusion, depression, constipation, nausea, headache, uncontrolled movements.
Most of these side-effects do not require medical attention and will resolve gradually over time. However, you are advised to talk to your doctor if you experience these side effects persistently.
To treat your condition effectually, continue taking ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE for as long as your doctor has prescribed. Please do not stop taking ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE without consulting your doctor to avoid worsening of seizures.
Do not take ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE if you are pregnant or planning for pregnancy unless prescribed by the doctor. Avoid taking ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE while breastfeeding as it may cause side-effects in the breastfed babies. ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE should not be given to children unless prescribed.
ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE causes drowsiness and dizziness, so drive if you are alert. ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE should not be given to children unless prescribed. Avoid consuming alcohol along with ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE as it could lead to increased dizziness and sleepiness.
Consult your doctor immediately if you experience mood swings or suicidal tendencies. ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE can cause permanent vision loss, inform your doctor immediately if you have any eye pain, redness, or any changes in your vision. Keep your doctor informed about your health condition and medicines to rule out any side effects. cap zonisep 100 mg
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT ZONISAMIDE:
Do not take Zonisamide anti convulsant medication (Zonegran, Zonisep) if you are allergic to it, or to other sulfa drugs like sulfisoxazole, sulfamethoxazole, or sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim.
An allergic reaction due to sulfa drug can be dangerous and fatal. This medication must not be taken by children younger than 16 years old without thorough medical screening.
Zonisamide usage may lead to suicidal thoughts. This side effect may require you to undergo regular follow up checks by your doctor.
You must notify your doctor about any new or deteriorating symptoms like mood or behavior changes, depression, anxiety, suicidal or self hurting thoughts, increased agitation, hostility, restlessness, hyperactivity (mentally or physically). Your family member and caregivers if any must be on alert for these conditions.
You must continue taking Zonisamide even after you stop getting seizures and feel absolutely fine. Stopping the medication abruptly and without doctors advice may result in increased seizures, deteriorating your condition. Remember to follow your doctors instructions.
This medication may impact your thinking capability and reflexes. So take extra care while indulging in activities that require a high degree of mental awareness and thinking such as driving
Zonisamide is a FDA pregnancy category C drug. This medication is reported to have caused birth defects and infant death in animal studies. It is however, not known whether the same would be true in humans. This medication can cause metabolic acidosis which can harm an unborn baby if taken during pregnancy.
This medication can pass into breast milk and harm a nursing baby. You must consult your doctor prior to taking Zonisamide if you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant, or breast feeding. A proper contraception use is recommended while you are taking Zonisamide medication.
BEFORE TAKING ZONISAMIDE:
Remember to discuss all the points mentioned above with your doctor and take all the necessary precautions that are also mentioned above before taking Zonisamide.
To ensure that Zonisamide anti convulsant medication (Zonegran, Zonisep) is safe for you, notify your doctor in advance before he or she prescribes you this medication, about any of your pre-existing conditions like kidney or liver disease, stomach flu or illness resulting in diarrhea, a growth disorder, a bone disorder that causes soft or weak bones or low bone mineral density, asthma or other breathing troubles, episodes of suicidal thoughts or actions, or if you take high protein, low card diet.
HOW SHOULD I TAKE ZONISAMIDE?
Take Zonisamide anti convulsant medication (Zonegran, Zonisep) strictly according to your doctors direction or according to the instructions on the medication label. Do not alter the dosage unless your doctor advises you to do so. Also, do not take this medication after the prescribed period is over.
All medications come with a patient leaflet. Refer the instructions in them for detailed information on that particular medication. Take Zonisamide with a glass of water. It can be taken with or without food. You must drink enough water (about 6 to 8 glasses every day) while you take this medication to prevent any chance of kidney stones.
Avoid crushing, breaking, or chewing a Zonisamide tablet. Instead, swallow it whole. Always store Zonisamide in a cool and dry place, away from heat and moisture. Ensure that children and pets dont have access to any medications.
WHAT IF I MISS A DOSE?
If you miss a dose of Zonisamide, take it as soon as you remember. Dont take the missed dose if the time to take the next dose is almost up. Taking multiple doses near to each other can lead to excess medication in your body which can be harmful.
WHAT IF I OVERDOSE?
In case of an overdose of Zonisamide, get emergency medical attention or call the Doctor Immediately. Overdose may lead to symptoms like slow heart rate, light headedness, fainting, or shortness of breath.
In-Depth Precautions and Warning
Do not take ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE if you are allergic to Zonisamide or any of its contents. Avoid intake of ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE if you are pregnant or planning for pregnancy unless prescribed by the doctor. Breastfeeding mothers should consult the doctor before using ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE to pass into the breast milk and affect the baby.
ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE should not be given to children unless prescribed. Inform your doctor before taking ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE if you have or had kidney and liver problems, glaucoma, high levels of ammonia, osteoporosis, depression, heart problems if you have low levels of bicarbonate in blood you have previously suffered from kidney stones.
Do not stop taking ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE without consulting your doctor to avoid worsening of seizure episodes. ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE causes drowsiness and dizziness, so drive only if you are alert.
Avoid consuming alcohol along with ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE as it could lead to increased dizziness and sleepiness. Consult your doctor immediately if you experience mood swings or suicidal tendencies.
ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE can cause permanent vision loss, inform your doctor immediately if you have any eye pain, redness, or any changes in your vision. Read more
Drug-Drug Interactions: ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE may have interaction with an anti-depressant (amitriptyline, duloxetine, sertraline, fluoxetine), anti-convulsant (gabapentin, lamotrigine, pregabalin, phenytoin, topiramate), antipsychotic (aripiprazole, quetiapine, lithium), anti-anxiety (alprazolam, triazolam), antibiotics (erythromycin,
clarithromycin, telithromycin, troleandomycin), pain killer (codeine, oxycodone, tramadol, morphine), antihistamine (diphenhydramine, chlorpheniramine, brompheniramine), and antifungal (ketoconazole, itraconazole, fluconazole).
Drug-Food Interactions: Avoid alcohol consumption while taking ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE as it might cause increased dizziness and sleepiness. Herbal preparations containing St. John’s wort should be avoided while taking ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE.
Drug-Disease Interaction: ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE may have interactions with disease conditions such as depression, liver disease, kidney dysfunction, suicidal tendency, irregular heartbeat, thyroid dysfunction, low bicarbonate levels in the blood, and blood disorders.
THINGS AND ACTIVITIES TO AVOID WHILE TAKING ZONISAMIDE:
Zonisamide may impact your thinking capabilities and reflexes. So take extra care while indulging in activities that require a high degree of mental awareness and thinking such as driving. Alcohol consumption is not recommended while taking this medication.
SIDE EFFECTS OF ZONISEP 100MG:
Loss Of Coordination
Loss Of Appetite Vision Problems, Or Nervousness
Mood Or Behavior Changes
Suicidal Or Self Hurting Thoughts
Hyperactivity (Mentally Or Physically)
ZONISAMIDE DOSING INFORMATION:
Zonisamide dosage may depend on a range of factors like age, sex, drug allergies, or seriousness of the condition among several other factors. Your dosage will be determined by your doctor after examining you properly. Remember to follow your doctors advice properly for best outcome.
INTERACTION WITH OTHER DRUGS:
Let your doctor know in advance if you already use any of these drugs: Phenobarbital, cold or allergy drugs that contain an antihistamine, other anti seizure or anti convulsant drugs like carbamazepine, phenytoin, or topiramate.
These drugs can interact with Zonisamide and affect its effectiveness or cause other undesirable effects. Also tell your doctor about any other medications or related products that you use. Never start a new medicine without proper medical advice.
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Avoid consumption of alcohol while taking ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE as it may increase dizziness and sleepiness.
Avoid taking ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE if you are pregnant unless prescribed by a doctor to lead to serious birth defects/congenital disabilities. Please consult your doctor if you have any concerns regarding this, your doctor will prescribe only if the benefits outweigh the risks.
ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE should not be taken by breastfeeding mothers as it passes into breast milk and could lead to side-effects for breastfed babies.
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
ZONISEP 100MG CAPSULE causes drowsiness, sleepiness, and tiredness. Do not drive or operate machinery unless you are alert.
Dose adjustment may be needed in patients with liver impairment. Please consult your doctor if you have a liver impairment or any concerns regarding this.
Dose adjustment may be needed in patients with kidney impairment. Please consult your doctor if you have kidney impairment or any concerns regarding this, your doctor will prescribe only if the benefits outweigh the risks.