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Description of Hemorrhoid Piles

Hemorrhoid, also called piles or rectal lumps, is a medical condition that occurs when veins in the lower portion of the anus or rectum swell and become painful. Based on the location of the lump, hemorrhoids can be internal or external.

External ones occur at the opening of the anus and cause pain, swelling, and irritation. Internal hemorrhoids develop inside the rectum and because the area has fewer pain receptors, they are comparatively less painful. When irritated, internal hemorrhoids can cause bleeding. Sometimes, both the internal and external types can occur together.

Signs and Symptoms of Piles
Hemorrhoids are characterized by one or more of the following symptoms:
1. Bleeding while passing stools
2. Pain in the anus or rectum during bowel movements
3. Pain in the anal or rectal area while sitting
4. Small lumps around or near the anus

5. Itching in the anal area

Causes and Risk Factors of Piles
Hemorrhoids mostly occur due to strain in the anal area during bowel movements. The causes include:
1. Prolonged periods of sitting
2. Strained bowel movements
3. Constipation
4. Anal infection
5. Low fiber intake
6. Irregular bowel habits
7. Pregnancy
8. Aging
9. Certain diseases like cirrhosis